Although the Catholic Church opposes abortion and same-sex wedding, Catholics in Latin America are usually less conservative than Protestants on most of these social problems. An average of, Catholics are less morally in opposition to abortion, homosexuality, synthetic method of birth prevention, intercourse away from wedding, divorce proceedings and drinking alcohol than are Protestants.
The distinctions between Catholics and Protestants of all of the presssing problems hold real even though accounting for quantities of spiritual observance. As an example, Protestants whom be involved in spiritual solutions one or more times a week are significantly more prone to oppose abortion and breakup вЂ“ and significantly almost certainly going to oppose homosexuality, sex outside of marriage and alcohol consumption вЂ“ than are catholics who attend mass at the very least regular. 2 These differing views on social dilemmas might help explain why numerous former Catholics who’ve become Protestants state they certainly were interested in a church that вЂњplaces greater value on residing a life that is moral (a median of 60%).
Both catholics and Protestants generally say it is incumbent on Christians to help the poor in their societies, but they give somewhat different answers on how best to achieve this goal across the region. When asked what’s the many way that is important will help the bad and needy, Protestants tend to be more most likely than Catholics to point toward bringing poor people to Christ, while Catholics tend to be more likely to state that doing charity work with poor people is most significant.
Yet throughout the nations surveyed, a quite a bit greater share of Protestants than Catholics state that they on their own or perhaps the church they attend participate in charity work вЂ“ assisting people find jobs, providing meals and clothing for people in need of assistance or arranging other community initiatives to simply help the indegent. (To get more details, see Chapter 6.)
These are on the list of key findings in excess of 30,000 interviews that are face-to-face across 18 nations and Puerto Rico because of the Pew Research Center between October 2013 and February 2014. The study encompasses almost all Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking nations and regions extending from Mexico through Central America towards the southern tip of Southern America. Due to fieldwork constraints and sensitivities linked to polling about faith, Cuba could never be included; it’s the only Spanish-speaking nation in Latin America which was maybe maybe not polled.
The study of Latin America is a component of a more substantial work, the Pew-Templeton worldwide Religious Futures task, which analyzes spiritual modification and its effect on communities all over the world. The international Religious Futures project is funded because of The Pew Charitable Trusts as well as the John Templeton Foundation.
The rest with this Overview describes the main findings in increased detail and offers context that is additional you start with some evaluations with Hispanics located in the usa.
Comparisons with U.S. Hispanics
Most major habits revealed by this study mirror trends discovered among U.S. Hispanics, in accordance with a 2013 Pew Research poll. The U.S. Hispanic populace (now around 54.1 million individuals) is bigger than the full total populace in most but two Latin American nations вЂ“ Brazil (195 million) and Mexico (113 million).
Almost one fourth of Hispanic grownups in america were raised Catholic but have since kept the faith (24%), while simply 2% of U.S. Hispanics have actually changed into Catholicism after being raised an additional tradition that is religious without any affiliation вЂ“ a web fall of 22 portion points. The scale for this exodus is approximately on par with a few Latin US nations which also have seen high decreases into the share of adults whom identify as Catholic, including Nicaragua (minus 25 portion points), Uruguay (minus 22 points), Brazil (minus 20) and El Salvador (minus 19).
Like their counterparts in Latin America, numerous U.S. Hispanics have remaining Catholicism for Protestant churches. Protestants now take into account about one-in-five Hispanics in the us (22%), roughly just like in Latin America (19%). In addition, a number that is substantial of in america (18%) describe their faith as atheist, agnostic or nothing in specific. This can be a lot more than double the portion of Latin adults that are american8%) who’re consistently unaffiliated.
Spiritual Affiliations of Latin People In America and U.S. Hispanics
Although CatholicismвЂ™s historically principal position has weakened in current decades (see reputation for spiritual Change), it continues to be the bulk faith across most of Latin America. Catholics constitute an overwhelming majority ( significantly more than two-thirds) of the adult populace in nine for the countries surveyed, ranging from 89per cent in Paraguay to 70per cent in Panama. these greatly Catholic nations, nevertheless, Protestants now certainly are a significant minority, constituting almost 10% or higher of this populace in each nation.
Catholics constitute between one-half and approximately two-thirds associated with populace in five of this places surveyed: Chile, Costa Rica, Brazil, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico. Similarly, 55% of U.S. Hispanics are Catholic.
In three main American nations вЂ“ El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua вЂ“ about 50 % associated with the populace is Catholic, while roughly four-in-ten grownups describe on their own as Protestant.
Uruguay may be the country that is only where in fact the portion of grownups whom state these are generally consistently unaffiliated (37%) rivals the share who identify as Catholic (42%). In addition, 15% of Uruguayans identify as Protestant. (See Religion in Uruguay.)